The Theme for World TB Day 2021 is ‘The Clock is Ticking‘ which conveys the sense that the world is running out of time to act on the commitments to end the deadly disease, made by global leaders.
TB case in World
Tuberculosis (TB) is a major killer disease worldwide. It is the 10th leading cause of death worldwide and the leading cause from a single infectious agent.
Eight countries accounted for two thirds of the global total: India (26%), Indonesia (8.5%), China (8.4%), the Philippines (6.0%), Pakistan (5.7%), Nigeria (4.4%), Bangladesh (3.6%) and South Africa (3.6%) & Others 21 %.
Top 3 Drug Resistance TB Country in World
The three countries with the largest share of the global burden were
India (27%), China (14%) and the Russian Federation (8%).
TB burden in India
Worldwide India is the country with the highest burden of both TB and MDR TB.
The country with the highest estimated number of deaths is India with an estimated 436,000 deaths in HIV negative adults and 9,500 in HIV positive adults. This does though need to be considered in the context of India’s very large population.
Uttar Pradesh has the largest number of TB patients of any state in India. It is responsible for over 20% of the total number of notified cases of TB in India.
WHY 24th March is celebrated as World TB Day?
World TB Day is celebrated on 24 March each year around the world.
This event commemorates the date in 1882 when Dr. Robert Koch announced his discovery of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacillus that causes tuberculosis (TB). Dr. Koch’s discovery opened the way towards diagnosing and curing this disease. World TB Day is a day to educate the public about the impact of TB around the world. The overall goal of the day is to raise awareness about the global burden of TB and to highlight the status of TB prevention and control efforts.